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Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection

Nuremberg trial transcripts and documents from the Collection of General William J. Donovan

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Volume 007
Subdivision "Subdivision 13 / Preparation for Aggressive Warfare"
Part 2
Section 13.13 (Speer Ministry)
Title The Reich Ministry of Armament and War Production (Speer Ministry) / Foreign Economic Administration / German-Austrian Branch / Copy No. 310/SECRET
Pages 110
Pages Supplemental With the following breakdown: Cover (lp.), unnumbered; Title (lp.), unnumbered; Table of Contents (2pp.), unnumbered; Introduction (2pp.), i-ii; text of the report proper (65pp.), 1-65; Appendix 1 (29pp.), 66-94; Appendix 2 (2pp.), p. 95, plus unnumbered fold-out Chart I; Appendix 3 (6pp.), 96-101; Appendix 4 (2pp.), 102, plus unnumbered fold-out Chart II; Appendix 5 (2pp.), 103-104.
Date 1945-02-00
Language English, with occasional and parenthetical German
Author The author's name is not given. The translator of the respective appendices (German-language originals) is not named.
Witness Not applicable
Other Names Fritz Todt; Albert Speer; Thomas; Hitler; Goering; Dr. Funk; President Kehrl; Professor Hettlage; Milch; Fromm; Witzel; Leeb; Pleiger; Roehnert; Bucher; Kessler; Zangen; Rochling; Vogler; Ponsgen; Walter Schieber; Säur; Seebauer; Stobbe-Dethleffsen; Schulze-Fielitz; Dorsch
Other Dates 18 August 1939; 22 November 1939; 17 March 1940; 20 March 1940; 18 February 1942; 22 April 1942; 17 September 1942; 20 October 1942; 16 November 1942; 11 December 1942; 12 December 1942; 5 June 1943; 26 June l943; 26 July 1943; 2 September 1943; 4 September 1943; 6 September 1943; 16 September 1943; 29 October 1943; 23 December 1943; 16 March 1944; 9 June 1944; 16 June 1944; 19 Junel944; 20 June 1944; July 14, 1944; 20 July 1944; 12 November 1944; 15 November 1944
Abstract This document is a detailed report on the Ministry of Armament and War Production, familiarly known as the Speer Ministry, and includes an exposition of its historical background, its organizational structure, and its functional responsibilities (most recently as of November 1944). The report also supplies detailed information regarding Albert Speer, both in his capacity as Minister and in the positions he held outside his Ministry. The report characterizes the latter as a "Ministry of Ministries" (following Paechter in Journal of Political Economy. September 1944), based on its all-encompassing authority "in all questions related to the making of plans for the German war economy and the execution of these plans," and identifies it as "a policy-making body" (p.28). The report's Introduction informs the reader that it "is based both on German statutes, decrees, and regulations, and on German periodical and newspaper items concerning the functioning of the Ministry of Armament and War Production and its subordinate agencies" (pi). Thus, the present document is a synthetic analysis of prior documents: both primary source materials (i.e., official Nazi communications), some of which were still confidential in Germany at the time this report was written; and secondary source materials gleaned from the German press. These prior documents are so essential to the substance of the report that quotes them throughout the text proper (with footnotes to attribute the source) and it reprints several of them in its appendices, as the Introduction notes: "Appendix 1 contains Speer's decree of September 16, 1943 on the Planning Office; Speer's and Funk's decree of October 29, 1943, on Reichsstellen; and Speer's decree of October 29, 1943, on the reorganization of his Ministry" (p.i). The other appendices contain the following items: Appendix 2 consists entirely of Chart I, which "indicates the distribution of jurisdiction and of subordinate agencies among the various War Production Bureaus, on the basis of the reorganization decree of the autumn of 1943" (p.i); Appendix 4 contains Chart n, which illustrates the same "distribution on the basis of the simplification decrees of the autumn of 1944" (p.i); Appendix 3 contains Speer's reorganization decrees of November 1944; and Appendix 5 enumerates the sub-divisions of Armaments Boards in the Gaue. The report itself is essentially a descriptive analysis of the Speer Ministry. It explains the hierarchical organization of each sphere or branch of the larger Ministry and specifies its respective duties and functions. The report does not concern itself with statistics reflecting economic production, but it does indicate how the German war economy was constructed in order to attain the levels of production necessary to sustain the war; as Speer states in his decree of October 29, 1943, "The sole aim of all measures to be taken must be an additional increase of armament" (p. 68). Insofar as the Speer Ministry exercised totalitarian control, an analysis of it is, in effect, an analysis of the entire German economy during this period; indeed, Speer's reorganization of his Ministry, as elucidated in his decree of 29 October 1943, testifies to the extent of economic commitment required by the exertions of total war. This document is a typewritten copy of good quality on stable paper. The report in general has the quality of final draft, and the paper and reproduction technique used in it seem similarly "finished." The pages are printed front and back; the charts are printed on one side only.
Keywords Speer Ministry; Ministry of Armament and War Production; Office of War Economy and Armament; Four Year Plan Administration; Ministry of Economics; Main Committees; Rings; Production Main Committees; Reichsstellen; Steered economy; Bewirtschaftungsstellen; Self-administrative agencies; Unified economic control; Reichsvereinigungen; Reich Association; Concentration decree; Warenverkehrsordnung; Commodity Control decree; Simplification decrees; Planning Office; Central Office; Armament Bureau; Generalreferat; Technical Bureau; Production Bureau; Raw Materials Bureau; Building Bureau; Power Supply Bureau; Armament Inspections; Labor Allocation Engineer; Production Spheres; Volkische Beobachter; Deutsche Volkswirtschaft