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Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection

Nuremberg trial transcripts and documents from the Collection of General William J. Donovan

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Volume 007
Subdivision "Subdivision 13 / Preparation for Aggressive Warfare"
Part 1
Section 13.05 (War economy)
Title The Acquiring of Totalitarian Control in Germany: Economic; and the Economic Planning and Mobilization for Aggressive War
Pages 33
Pages Supplemental None
Date Not dated
Language English
Author Edgar Bodenhiemer (sp?)
Witness Not applicable
Other Names Hitler; Keitel; Thomas; von Reichenau; Dr. Bender; Barth; Lt. Col. Stud; Godlewski; Schacht; Jodl; Blomberg; Wohltat; Goering; Douglas Miller; Rudo Brinkmann; Funk; Beck
Other Dates 4 April 1933; 22 May 1933; 7 February 1934; 27 February 1934; 5 May 1934; 29 May 1934; 3 July 1934; 4 September 1934; 4 February 1935; 27 February 1935; 31 May 1935; 26 June 1935; 12 March 1936; 14 May 1936; 9 September 1936; 18 October 1936; 24 November 1936; 1 December 1936; 30 December 1936; 1 November 1937; 14 October 1938; 14 December 1938; 24 May 1939; 15 June 1939; 25 August 1939; 27 August 1939; 28 August 1939; 30 August 1939; 1 September 1939
Abstract This trial brief presents evidence of Germany's economic reorganization under Nazi leadership and argues that the purpose of the resultant military-style economy (Wehrwirtschaft) was rearmament, and its goal the capacity to wage aggressive war. To demonstrate the extent of premeditation and planning involved in setting Germany on a sound economic foundation for waging war, the brief summarizes the minutes of many meetings of the Reich Defense Council, which identified the economic necessities and formulated the means to supply them. The brief also provides specific figures indicating the scope of Germany's rearmament and industrial production, including the objectives and results of the Four-Year Plan. Although the brief proper concentrates in considerable detail on the economic measures undertaken by the Nazi conspirators, its final section ("Argument and Conclusions") analyzes Germany's economic mobilization and the concurrent rearmament in the larger context of Nazi ideology, including the propaganda programs and education schemes designed to glorify war and valorize the warrior, as well as to reinforce the notion of German racial supremacy and need for Lebensraum. In this same section, Nazi claims of their having rearmed Germany for the purposes of self-defense are "dismissed as unconvincing and even absurd" (p.31). This document is a typewritten carbon copy on thin paper that is generally stable. Page 2 of the brief precedes page 1 for no evident reason.
Keywords Aggressive war; Military economy ("Wehrwirtschaft"); Rearmament; Reich Defense Council; Reichsbank; Foreign exchange; Four-Year Plan