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Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection

Nuremberg trial transcripts and documents from the Collection of General William J. Donovan

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Volume 006
Subdivision Subdivision 11/ Storm Troops, Gestapo, SS and SD
Part Not applicable
Section 11.06 (Gestapo, SD trial brief)
Title The Gestapo and the SD and Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Pages 84
Pages Supplemental With the following breakdown: Title (lp.), unnumbered; Index (8pp.), numbered i-viii; Section of Indictment (lp.), ix; Legal References (lp.), x; Table of Abbreviations (lp.), xi; Table of Police Ranks (lp.), xii; text of brief proper (70pp.), 1-70.
Date 1945-11-10
Language English
Author Whitney R. Harris, Lieutenant, USNR
Witness Not applicable
Other Names Bormann; Frick; Goering; Jodl; Keitel; Rosenberg; Sauckel; Himmler; Heydrich; Dr. Werner Best; Hitler; Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl; Rudolph Diels; Mueller; Ohlendorf; Stahlecker; Eichmann; Willy Litzenberg; Keitel; Rudolph Mildner; Lohse; Rauff; Alfred Naujocks; Bräutigam; Thierack; Rudolf Kastner; Frank; Josef Buehler; Adolf Zutter; Otto Hofmann
Other Dates 30 January 1933; 28 February 1933; 26 April 1933; 30 November 1933; 30 June 1934; 2 May 1935; 10 February 1936; 20 November 1936; 27 September 1939; 30 September 1939; 18 June 1941; 28 June 1941; 17 July 1941; 31 July 1941; 1-31 October 1941; 13 October 1941; 7 December 1941; 12 December 1941; 16 May 1942; 15 June 1942; 4 August 1942; 18 October 1942; 26 November 1942; 10 December 1942; 16 December 1942; 17 December 1942; January 1943; 13 March 1943; 19 March 1943; 23 March 1943; 9 April 1943; 21 April 1943; 25 June 1943; 10 August 1943; 2 March 1944; 23 March 1944; 12 June 1944; 17 June 1944; 26 June 1944; 27 June 1944; 19 July 1944; 21 July 1944; 27 July 1944; 28 September 1944; 2 December 1944; 9 December 1944; 22 June 1945; 23 June 1945; 27 June 1945; 4 August 1945; 19 October 1945; 4 November 1945; 5 November 1945; 7 November 1945
Abstract This document is a trial brief charging the Gestapo, the SD, and Ernst Kaltenbrunner with specific complicity in the Nazi conspiracy. In its first half, the brief recapitulates the founding and organizational development of the Gestapo (Secret State Police), the formation of the SD (Security Service) as an intelligence service organization of the SS, and the consolidation of these agencies, along with KRIPO (Criminal Police), in the RSHA (Reich Security Head Office). The brief details the internal structure and functions of these agencies by way of demonstrating how they served the Nazi Party in its conspiracy to maintain ideological control and totalitarian power within Germany, and to destroy actual and potential political enemies and ideological opposition, both domestically and in occupied territories. The brief defines the appointed tasks of the Gestapo and SD, and describes the methods these agencies used in pursuit of their aims. The fact that the Gestapo acted without judicial overview and was, by decree, effectively above any law, gave it unlimited powers of investigation, interrogation, and arrest, and made it universally feared. The second half of the brief identifies Crimes against the Peace, War Crimes, and Crimes against Humanity that the Gestapo and SD committed during the course of the war, and enumerates the crimes for which the defendant Kaltenbrunner was responsible as a direct result of his having become Chief of the Security Police and SD in January 1943. The catalogue of terror, murder, and outrage, complete with names and dates, is too extensive to summarize; its documentation covers 41 pages of the instant brief (pp.28-68), not including the captured German documents the brief cites (along with prisoner affidavits) as its primary evidence. This document is a typewritten copy that is often difficult to read because of poor typographical reproduction. Some pages are very brown and fragile, although most of the paper is adequate and fairly stable.
Keywords Gestapo; SD; SS; NSDAP; RSHA; SIPO; KRIPO; Kaltenbrunner; Persecution of Jews; Persecution of the Churches; War crimes; Crimes against humanity; Crimes against peace; Einsatz Groups; Einsatzgruppen; Informants; Nazi loyalty; Das Archiv; Die Deutsche Polizei; Protective custody; Concentration camps; Annihilation camps; S A; Mass murder; Mass extermination; Bullet Decree; Slave labor; Auschwitz; Lublin; Mauthausen; Buchenwald; Dachau; Sachsenhausen; Ravensbrueck; Bergen-Belsen; Flossenburg; Theresienstadt; Night and Fog Decree; Confiscation; Seizure of property; Spoliation of property; Deportation; Gas vans; Murder wagons; Death vans; Operation Kugel