Cornell University Law Library

Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection

Nuremberg trial transcripts and documents from the Collection of General William J. Donovan

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Volume 006
Subdivision Subdivision 11 / Storm Troops, Gestapo, SS and SD
Part Not applicable
Section 11.05 (SA trial brief)
Title Criminality of the Sturmabteilungen (The SA) of the National Socialist German Labor Party
Pages 34
Pages Supplemental With the following breakdown: Title page (lp., unnumbered); Topical Index (lp), Numerical List of Documents (lp); Documents Relating to Individual Defendants (lp.), numbered consecutively but erroneously i-iv; Conclusion (2pp.), numbered 22-23; Appendix A (7pp.), numbered la-7a; text of the brief, 21 pages, numbered 1-21.
Date 1945-11-10
Language English
Author Robert G. Stephens, Jr., Major, Infantry, U.S. Army; Charles S. Burdell, Seaman First Class, USNR
Witness Not applicable
Other Names Hitler; Hermann Goering; Rudolf Hess; Ernst Roehm; Seydel; Victor Lutze; George S. Messersmith
Other Dates 4 November 1921; 30 January 1933; 28 February 1933; 3 March 1933; March 14, 1933; April 19, 1933; 1 December 1933; April 27,1934; 30 June 1934
Abstract This document is a trial brief that argues that the SA was, in effect, a terrorist organization. The brief cites documentary evidence to demonstrate that the SA, as a tool in the hands of the Nazi co-conspirators, terrorized and destroyed opponents of National Socialism within Germany; persecuted and destroyed all perceived enemies of the Nazi state, including Jews and the Christian Church; and promoted militarism in Germany to the end of preparing and training the German people for war. On this basis, the brief alleges that the SA and its members were, in effect, co-conspirators and that their actions "contemplated and involved Crimes against the Peace, Crimes against Humanity, and War Crimes" (p.22). The brief identifies Goering and Hess as two of the leading figures within the SA and refers to numerous articles, photographs, and cartoons from the publication Per SA-Mann that illustrate the nature of the SA, its ideology, and its various activities. These documents are not included in this section but the brief quotes excerpts from selected items, and Appendix A provides short descriptions of many articles, photograph, and cartoon. This document is a typewritten copy on paper that is generally in good condition; pages 1-5, however, are quite brown and fragile.
Keywords SA; NSDAP; Persecution of Jews; Concentration camps; Persecution of Christian Churches; Communists; Oranienburg; Papenburg; Nazi ideology; Anti-Semitic cartoons; Per SA-Mann; Nazi terrorist organizations; Nazi criminal organizations