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Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection

Nuremberg trial transcripts and documents from the Collection of General William J. Donovan

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Volume 005
Subdivision Subdivision 10 / High Command and General Staff
Part 2
Section 10.09 (Schlaberndorff memo, English)
Title Relationship of the German General Staff with Hitler
Pages 7
Pages Supplemental None
Date 1945-10-24
Language English; the translator is not named.
Author Dr. von Schlabrendorff
Witness Dr. Fabian von Schlabrendorff
Other Names General Donovan; Hitler; Frederic the Great; Bismarck; Hindenbrug; von Steuben; von Seeckt; Lenin; Stalin; Heye; von Hammerstein; von Schleicher; Colonel von Harbou; von Fritsch; Rohm; von Bredow; von Blomberg; von Mackensen; von Reichenau; Beck; Keitel; Hossbach; Brauchitsch; Haider; Dr. Goerdeler; von Witzleben; Hoeppner; von Funck; Canaris; Blaskowitz; von Tresckow; Zeitzler; Keitel; von Kluge; Ulbricht; Tellgiebal; Jodl; Busch; Schoerner; Died; Guderian; Schmmidt; Scherff; Harpe; Reinecke; von Müller; Rendulic; von Mannstein; von Rudstedt [sic]; von Leeb; List; von Kleist; Haeusinger; Fromm; Weiss; Reinhardt; Glydenfeldt; Warlimont; Rommel; Oster; von HaSe; von Stuelpnagle; Wagner; Stieff; Feldgiebl; Lindemann; Stauffenberg; Schultze-Guettger; von Merz; Freiherr Roenne; Thomas; Speidel; Geyer von Schweppenburg; von Falkenhausen; Freiherr von Gersdorff; Berndt von Kliest
Other Dates 9 November 1933; 30 January 1933; 30 June 1934; 20 August 1939; 20 July 1944
Abstract Despite a lack of logical paragraphing, this document clarifies the historical development of the German General Staff before the advent of Hitler, as well as the early and abiding resistance of many of the senior Staff officers to the Nazi leader and his regime. Dr. von SchlabrendorfFs survey is detailed and, in comparison with personal statements by Thomas, Warlimont, and Haider, relatively impassioned. He evaluates the qualities and commitments of the major figures of the German General Staff, and makes a significant effort to distinguish among those officers who were loyal followers of Hitler from first to last and executed all of the Fuehrer's orders; those who were against Hitler but who could find no effective means of resistance; and those who were implacably opposed to Hitler and were willing to risk their lives to remove him and, as they saw it, save Germany. Schlabrendorff lists the generals who he believes fall into each category and offers the opinion that only those belonging to the first group are certainly war criminals. This document is a single-spaced typewritten original on paper that is slightly browning and somewhat fragile. The text contains interlinear underlining, marginal notations, and a handful of minor emendations, all in pencil. The numeral "5" appears in blue pencil and underscored in the upper right-hand corner of the first page.
Keywords German Army; German General Staff; SA; SS; German resistance; Opposition to Hitler; Poland; France; England; Russia