Cornell University Law Library

Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection

Nuremberg trial transcripts and documents from the Collection of General William J. Donovan

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Volume 005
Subdivision Subdivision 10 / High Command and General Staff
Part 2
Section 10.065 (Warlimont's survey)
Title The Relations of the OKW to the Party, the OKH, and the SS
Pages 19
Pages Supplemental None
Date 1945-05-28
Language English
Author The author's name is not given; internal evidence strongly suggests the author is Walter Warlimont.
Witness Walter Warlimont
Other Names von Blomberg; Hitler; Roehm; von Reichenau; von Schleicher; von Bredow; von Fritsch: Beck; Keitel; Brauchitsch; Jodl; Haider; Goering; Himmler; Speer; Sauckel; Rosenberg; Zeitzier; Fromm
Other Dates February 1933; June 1934; February 1938; June 1938; July 20, 1944
Abstract Although the author's name does not appear on the document, internal evidence indicates that this survey is the work of Walter Warlimont. As in other of his reports and statements, Warlimont concerns himself in the present text with the relations between the OKW and the OKH, to the end of demonstrating that the Nazi Party, rather than any military organization, bears the responsibility for starting the war and determining its course and conduct. As a General Staff Officer assigned to the OKW, Warlimont assess that organization as being essentially powerless in itself, yet serving Hitler as a tool for meddling in military affairs. The infighting between the OKW and the OKH, beginning virtually with the founding of the former in 1935, was a source of constant tension to all concerned and in many ways constituted a model of administrative inefficiency. Eventually, the SS became an even greater problem, for it was through the physical agency of its members that Hitler and the higher officials of the Nazi Party interfered in various phases of military operations. This document is a typewritten photostatic copy that includes incidental handwritten emendations made to the original. The text of the survey covers the first 17 pages, appended to which is a hand-drawn chart that diagrams the organization of the OKW, and a page of manuscript, written in English and paginated as 18a, that is the rough draft of the Conclusion. The pages and the type are very small, and the text somewhat difficult to read. The paper is heavyweight and generally stable.
Keywords OKW; OKH; SS; SA; Waffen-SS; Rearmament; German Army; German High Command; Roehm putsch; Fritsch Affair; Political murders; Rhineland occupation; Anschluss; Czechoslovakia; Invasion of Poland; Aggressive war; Occupied territories