Guidelines for Using Public Domain Text, Images, Audio, and Video Reproduced from Cornell University Library Collections

As part of its educational mission, Cornell University Library makes available through its reproduction services and via the World Wide Web copies of certain items from its collections.

Much of the material reproduced or distributed by Cornell University Library is believed to have no known U.S. copyright or other restrictions. The Library does not charge for permission to use such material and does not grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute public domain material in its collections. (While no permission-to-publish fees for public domain items are required, service fees will be charged when the Library makes for patrons reproductions of items in its collections or provides high resolution versions of web-accessible items.) As a matter of good scholarly practice, we recommend that patrons using Library-provided reproductions cite the Library and/or the appropriate web page as the source of reproductions.

The nature of historical collections is such that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine. The records for individual items clearly state copyright information and restrictions on use when they are known. The absence of copyright or other information on restrictions is no guarantee, however, that a work is in the public domain either in the U.S. or abroad. The Library makes no express or implied warranty to others who wish to use or reproduce items found in its collection.

In addition to copyright, some materials reproduced from Cornell University Library collections are subject to rights of privacy, publicity, and trademark. Such rights are likely to be controlled by parties other than the Cornell University Library. It is the obligation of the user to determine and satisfy copyright and other restrictions when making use of materials from the Cornell University Library.

Cornell University Library has made a reasonable effort to secure any permissions needed in order to make available for personal or research use the materials found in Cornell University Library's Digital Collections. The Library would like to learn more about its digital holdings and hear from any copyright owners who are not properly identified so that it may make the necessary corrections. If you have any additional information about the material or would like to suggest a correction, please contact or the relevant collection contact person.