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Series I. Correspondence: April 2, 1852 - February 28, 1853 (Box 13)

April 2, 1852 - April 23, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 1) : [50 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, near-collapse of company, transfer of lines, patents and contracts.

HIGHLIGHTS:

April 7, 1852. Transcripts of letters from Ezra Cornell to J.J. Speed:
"I was never so poor in my life as now, I am barely able to supply the necessaries of life. This position weighs heavily on my spirits, and I must get relief soon or it will drive me crazy. I have not contributed a dollar to the support of my family in two years, they suffer for the ordinary comforts of life. Smith and Kendall are both as heartless as adamant and as selfish as the devel."

April 27:
"My clothes are getting so ragged I am ashamed of my appearance...I learn this evening that my wife has presented me with another daughter and I feel guilty of abusing the best of women by not being with her during her confinement, but my embarassments, poverty & sickness altogether has prevented..."

May 7:
"This trial has exposed the fact to the satisfaction of my mind that Morse did not invent the local circuit, and that he first learned it from Davies invention which was on exhibition in London when Smith & Morse arrived there."

April 16, 1852. Ezra Cornell to J.J. Speed concerning New-York & Erie Company, and including technological suggestions.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Alonzo B.; Kendall, Amos; Speed, J.J.; Smith, F.O.J.; Munn, Stephen.

April 24, 1852 - May 10, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 2) : [58 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: transfer of lines, office operations, materials and supplies, patents and contracts, new lines in the South.

HIGHLIGHTS:

April 27, 1852. Ezra Cornell to J.J. Speed:
"I regard Smith's treatment towards us, in giving O'Reilly the control of the territory in question, as the most shabby character..."

April 27, 1852. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell including comment on the company and speculations on telegraph science.

April 30, 1852. Ezra Cornell to Mary Ann Cornell:
"I can disern a streak of light, the clouds of adversity appear to be braking, and the sunshine of hope glimmers through the fractured darkness."

May 4, 1852. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"As you requested I have secured your appointment as Agent of the New York Mutual Life insurance Co."

PLACES:

New York City.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Cornell, Mary Ann; Cornell, Alonzo B.

May 11, 1852 - May 31, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 3) : [39 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, new lines in the South, transfer of lines, patents and contracts; telegraph patent trial in New York Superior Court.

HIGHLIGHTS:

May, 1852. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell on "facsimile telegraph."

May 25, 1852. Ezra Cornell to J.J. Speed:
"I arrived in N.Y. to day found your letter with facsimilie message, and it was not so bad a specimen... Don't get excited, and don't neglect the E & M Line, keep that agoing..."

PLACES:

New York City.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Tillotson, D.T.

June 4, 1852 - June 25, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 4) : [56 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, new lines, transfer of lines, patents and contracts.

HIGHLIGHTS:

June 14, 1852. List of lines of the New-York & Erie Telegraph Company, cities and miles.

June 1852. J.J. Speed's experiments and speculations concerning telegraph science.

PLACES:

Ithaca; New York City.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Wood, Benjamin.

June 26, 1852 - July 8, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 5) : [60 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, transfer of lines, patents and contracts; New York and Western Union Telegraph Company.

HIGHLIGHTS:

June, July 1852. J.J. Speed's experiments and speculations concerning telegraph science.

June 27, 1852. Ezra Cornell to Mary Ann Cornell reflecting on years of marriage.

July 4, 1852. Ezra Cornell to Jeremiah S. Beebe pleading that he refrain from drinking to avoid losing his employment:
"Total abstinance is the only rallying cry under which victory is sure."

PLACES:

New York City.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Mary Ann; Speed, J.J.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Smith, F.O.J.

July 9, 1852 - July 23, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 6) : [47 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, transfer of lines, consolidation of lines; New York and Western Union Telegraph Company.

HIGHLIGHTS:

July 10, 1852. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell:
"Wood has just come in and I read him your letter. He says you can crawl through a small hole with a whole skin than any other live man."

PLACES:

New York City; Ithaca; Chicago.

PEOPLE:

Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Beebe, Sarah P.T.; Speed, J.J.; Wade, J.H.; Cobb, Emory.

July 24, 1852 - July 31, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 7) : [60 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, patents, western lines, materials and supplies, transfer of lines, consolidation of lines; New York and Western Union Telegraph Company; cholera; New York and Erie Railroad Company.

PLACES:

Chicago; St. Louis; Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; O'Reilly, Henry; Faxton, Theodore; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Haviland, J.; Bristol, John S.; Gordon, D.P.; Loder, Benjamin.

August 1, 1852 - August 23, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 8) : [44 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, patents, western lines, transfer of lines, consolidation of lines; New York and Western Union Telegraph Company.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.

August 24, 1852 - September 18, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 9) : [34 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, patents, consolidation of lines, western lines; New York and Western Union Telegraph Company; cholera.

HIGHLIGHTS:

September 3, 1852. Speed's experiments and speculations concerning telegraph science.

PEOPLE:

Hopkins, P.A.; Skinner, G.W.

September 20, 1852 - October 24, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 10) : [52 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, consolidation of lines, western lines.

HIGHLIGHTS:

October 15, 1852. Ezra Cornell to J.H. Wade:
"If I could have my choice, I should prefer that my name should be immortalized by its connection with some good deed, by alleviating the sufferings of humanity."

PEOPLE:

Smith, F.O.J.; Wade, J. H.; Speed, J.J.

October 26, 1852 - November 30, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 11) : [55 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, consolidation of lines, western lines; New York and Erie Rail Road.

PLACES:

Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Wood, Benjamin; Haviland, J.; Wade, J.H.; Wood, Otis E.

December 1, 1852 - December 31, 1852 (Box 13/Folder 12) : [57 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, consolidation of lines, western lines.

HIGHLIGHTS:

December 27, 1852. Ezra Cornell's plan to bury telegraph cable.

1852. Ezra Cornell to Mary Ann Cornell:
"I am homesick, and can't write, I want to go home and stay there. I am sick of telegraphing, sick of business - sick of everything except my wife and I wish I could live with her, but I can't, I have got into the scrape and must stick to it manfully until I can work out."

PLACES:

New York City.

PEOPLE:

Wood, Phebe; Wade, J.H.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Cornell, Mary Ann.

January 3, 1853 - January 18, 1853 (Box 13/Folder 13) : [63 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, consolidation of lines, western lines, transfer of lines, patents and contracts; Telegraph Convention; New York and Erie Rail Road; New York and Western Union Telegraph Company.

HIGHLIGHTS:

January 6, 1853. Speed/Faxton contract.

January 16, 1853. Ezra Cornell to J.J. Speed:
"O'Reilly sent round to me yesterday to borrow $10, which I did not have..."

PLACES:

Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Gordon, D.P.; Speed, J.J.; Faxton, Theodore; Wood, O.S.; O'Reilly, Henry.

January 19, 1853 - February 28, 1853 (Box 13/Folder 14) : [43 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, office operations, materials and supplies, consolidation of lines, transfer of lines, patents and contracts, western lines, New Orleans and Ohio Line.

PEOPLE:

O'Reilly, Henry; Speed, J.J.; Cornell, John H.; Gordon, D.P.; Delano, W.J.; Mann, Donald.