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Series I. Correspondence: June 23, 1849 - February 19, 1850 (Box 10)

June 23, 1849 - July 2, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 1) : [36 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: materials and supplies, stock subscriptions, Cleveland & Cincinnati line, New-York & Erie line, St. Louis line, O'Reilly conflict, finances; Ithaca & Auburn Telegraph Company.

HIGHLIGHTS:

June 30, 1849. Samuel F.B. Morse to Ezra Cornell:
"If you have suffered from the outrageous rascalities of the O'Reilly pirates in any degree, I have suffered tenfold more, but there will soon be an end of their machinations if there is any force in law or justice."

PLACES:

Cleveland; Milan, Ohio; Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Wade, J.H.; Speed, J.J.; Allen, Oliver E.; Tillotson, D.T.; Spencer, D.D.; Bristol, John S.; Morse, Samuel F.B.

July 4, 1849 - July 12, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 2) : [45 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: Connecticut & Vermont line, proposed lines, stock subscriptions, materials and supplies, new western lines; Ithaca & Auburn Telegraph Company.

HIGHLIGHTS:

July 4, 1849. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"...Ithaca has a plank road from Hotel to Inlet, one mile, great for Tompkins Company - a dozen has been planed - but have all evaporated in a few set speaches at public meetings - but our Ithaca plank road makes a fine track for the 4th of Julyers to try their nags on."

Also Ezra Cornell's experiments with line connections.

PLACES:

Ithaca; Detroit.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Alonzo B.; Tillotson, D.T.; Bristol, John S.; Faxton, Theodore; McGowan, S.W.; Speed, J.J.; Hotchkiss, S.W.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.

July 13, 1849 - July 26, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 3) : [33 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, stock subscriptions, materials and supplies, new lines.

HIGHLIGHTS:

July 13, 1849. J.J. Speed in Detroit to Ezra Cornell:
"You have warned me in the past to avoid experiments: but I am making one more. I have got a Mrs. Sheldon to take the office at Jackson and am going to get your sister Mrs. Wood to take the Albion office: both are abundantly qualified to do the business better than any boy, or man, that we can afford to pay in those places. If the ex works as well as I have every confidence to believe it will, I will put a woman in the offices at Ann Arbor, Marshall, & Battle Creek...."

July 15, 1849. Alonzo B. Cornell to Ezra Cornell explaining the working of a telegraph line.

July 20, 1849. S.W. McGowan to Ezra Cornell discussing possible new lines in northern New York and difficulties in selling subscriptions.

PLACES:

Detroit; Cleveland; Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Wood, M.L.; Tillotson, D.T.; Faxton, Theodore; Bristol, John S.; McGowan, S.W.; Jackson, Tower.

July 27, 1849 - August 9, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 4) : [46 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: materials and supplies, new lines in Ithaca area (Waterloo, Seneca Falls, Aurora), reconstruction of Ithaca & Elmira line, stock subscriptions, finances.

HIGHLIGHTS:

July 29, 1849. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell concerning travel between New York and Ithaca, telegraph line operations, Ithaca & Owego railroad, Sodus Canal, and purchase of Fall Creek property:
"I think after this year I shall give up the Telegraph business to you and Col. Speed and I will turn my attention to the improvement of the property."

August 6, 1849. J.J. Speed in Detroit describing the effect of the cholera epidemic in the west (mid-west), progress on the Pittsburgh, St. Louis and Cincinnati lines, and finances.

PLACES:

Ithaca; Detroit.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Alonzo B.; Speed, J.J.; Kendall, Amos; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Tillotson, D.T.; Jackson, Tower.

August 11, 1849 - August 23, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 5) : [40 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: Ithaca & Elmira line, New-York & Erie line, Connecticut & Vermont line, stock subscriptions, materials and supplies, finances.

HIGHLIGHTS:

August 21, 1849. J. H. Wade in Milan to Ezra Cornell reporting on the progress of the Cleveland & Cincinnati line, and the effect of cholera in the region.

August 21, 1849. S.W. Hotchkiss in Galena to Ezra Cornell reporting on progress of new lines in Illinois and Wisconsin and the O'Reilly conflict.

PLACES:

Ithaca; Cleveland; Galena, Ill.

PEOPLE:

Bush, I.L.; Tillotson, D.T.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Lewis, A.S.; Wade, J.H.; Hotchkiss, S.W.; Speed, J.J.

August 25, 1849 - September 10, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 6) : [54 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: materials and supplies, Connecticut & Vermont line, finances, Ithaca & Elmira line, Albany & Newburgh line.

HIGHLIGHTS:

August 25, 1849. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"You have a young brother here about 3 days old. He is a fine fellow and will soon want a situation in a Telegraph office."

September 8, 1849. Theodore S. Faxton to Ezra Cornell concerning settlement of Ezra Cornell's accounts with the New York, Albany & Buffalo Telegraph Company.

September 10, 1849. S.W. Hotchkiss to Ezra Cornell from Sheboygan concerning new lines under construction in the west, competition from O'Reilly, and the effects of the cholera epidemic.

PLACES:

Ithaca; Connecticut; Buffalo.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Alonzo B.; Smith, F.O.J.; Bush, I.L.; Lewis, A.S.; Tillotson, D.T.; Dewey, Theodore; Speed, J.J.; Faxton, Theodore; Hotchkiss, S.W.

September 11, 1849 - September 19, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 7) : [38 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: materials and supplies, New-York & Erie line, finances, Connecticut & Vermont line.

HIGHLIGHTS:

September 17, 1849. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell, diagrams and description of new "switch" he had developed which would allow transmitting of messages over long distances without rewriting (connecting circuits). 2nd letter, same date, concerns progress on new western lines (Cleveland & Cincinnati, St. Louis).

PLACES:

Mt. Vernon, Ohio.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Tillotson, D.T.; Boardman, Douglass; Allen, T.F.; French, B.B.

September 20, 1849 - October 4, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 8) : [49 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: materials and supplies, new western lines (Zanesville, St. Louis), finances; Connecticut & Vermont Telegraph Company; railroad convention in St. Louis.

HIGHLIGHTS:

September 20, 1849. Beach Brothers to Ezra Cornell inquiring as to arrangements for transmission of news messages for The New York Sun over the New-York & Erie and the Erie & Michigan lines. (Letter of October 1, 1849 indicates this idea has been abandoned by the Beach Brothers)

September 20, 1849. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell concerning prospects looking good for new western lines, O'Reilly conflict, and connecting circuits.

September 23, 1849. Phebe Wood to Ezra Cornell:
"I think that I shall like tellegraphing if I have good instruments. I wish you would come and see us. I could now appreciate some instructions in regard to electricity."

PLACES:

New York City.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Wood, Phebe; Smith, F.O.J.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Tillotson, D.T.; Wade, J.H.

October 5, 1849 - October 18, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 9) : [52 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, New-York & Erie line, Cleveland & Cincinnati line, office operations.

HIGHLIGHTS:

October 1849. George B. Prescott's answer to the bill of complaint by Ezra Cornell.

October 7, 1849. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell, regarding Speed's new circuit connector:
"You say work the telegraph as it is, and not allow myself to chase Jack-O-Lanterns. I answer yes, if I cannot make the public believe that my Jack-O-Lantern is a real bonafide lighthouse - and induce them to pay me their money to help build it."

October 9, 1849. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell reprimanding him for closing his telegraph office early on an election night:
"This will not do and if it cant be reformed we will have some turnouts."

PLACES:

Cleveland.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Benedict, E.D.; Wade, J.H.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Wheeler, M.; Allen, T.F.; Jackson, Tower.

October 20, 1849 - October 31, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 10) : [47 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: Cleveland & Cincinnati line, finances, materials and supplies (brimstone insulators), Wisconsin lines, New-York & Erie line.

HIGHLIGHTS:

October 20, 1849. D.T. Tillotson to Ezra Cornell reporting on survey of Chenango Valley. October 20, 1849. E.D Benedict to operators connected with Cleveland and Pittsburgh line detailing a
"system of doing business in regular order, and promptly, at the same time giving each and every office a fair and equal chance."

October 27, 1849. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell describing continued experiments with his switch.

October 29, 1849. Ezra Cornell to D.T. Tillotson discussing Ithaca area lines (Waterloo and Elmira), operations of House line and Bain telegraph lines in the east, and the business of the New-York & Erie line.

PLACES:

Ithaca; Zanesville, Ohio; Milwaukee; New York City.

PEOPLE:

Tillotson, D.T.; Benedict, E.D.; Speed, J.J.; Hotchkiss, S.W. ; Smith, F.O.J.; Jackson, G.J.

November 1, 1849 - November 26, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 11) : [48 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: materials and supplies, Erie & Michigan line, Cleveland & Cincinnati line; Ohio lines; death of Elizabeth Cornell.

HIGHLIGHTS:

November 4, 1849. E.B. Cornell to Ezra Cornell discussing the potential of the Cincinnati, Wheeling, & Pittsburgh line and his view of Speed's switch as an important improvement in telegraph operations.

November 15, 1849. Letters of condolence from H.C. Buell and W.W. Marks to Alonzo B. Cornell on the death of his sister Elizabeth.

November 24, 1849. Phebe Wood to Ezra Cornell, expressing sympathy on Elizabeth's death and discussing the success of women telegraph operators:
"John writes me that Jane intends going to learn the tailors trade but I think she would do better to learn to telegraph. I hear that they employ ladies in ops east."

PLACES:

Ithaca; Cleveland; Albion.

PEOPLE:

Jackson, G.J.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Cornell, E.B.; Speed, J.J.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Bristol, John S.; Cornell, Elizabeth; Wood, Phebe.

November 27, 1849 - December 12, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 12) : [54 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, materials and supplies, office operations, New-York & Erie line, stock subscriptions.

PEOPLE:

Tillotson, D.T.; Cornell, E.B.; Chace, Thomas; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Speed, J.J.; Wade, J.H.

December 15, 1849 - December 26, 1849 (Box 10/Folder 13) : [64 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, new lines (Ohio, Wheeling to New Philadelphia), Zanesville line, office operations, materials and supplies.

HIGHLIGHTS:

December 18, 1849. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell discussing finances, results of his work in Ohio, and future plans for lines to the west.

December 22, 1849. Ezra Cornell to Board of Directors of Hudson River Railroad Company proposing a reciprocal arrangement for the right to erect poles along the railroad line from New York to Poughkeepsie and for free passage of his men in return for telegraph services for railroad business.

December 25, 1849. Ezra Cornell to Mary Ann and children, from Peekskill:
"I wish you all a Merry Christmas, a Merry, Merry Christmas, and I hope old Santa Claus wont be so verry busy as to pass by...without even droping in to catch a glance of those bewitching merry eyes, of my darling Mary or the cherub smiles of my baby Boy... ."

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Alonzo B.; Speed, J.J.; O'Reilly, Henry; Haviland, J.; Dunham, J.

14 December 27, 1849 - January 14, 1850 (Box 10/Folder 14) : [50 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: stock subscriptions, finances, Zanesville line, Zanesville & Wheeling-Pittsburgh line, Ithaca area lines (Auburn, Palmyra); New-York & Erie Telegraph Association.

HIGHLIGHTS:

January 5, 1850. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"We miss our dear Elizabeth verry much from our family circle our recollections of her innocent mirth, and cheerful good nature with hopes for her eternal happiness is our only consolation - and her sudden departure should admonish us all to be ready for a like event, and may we all in the end meet her in happiness."

PLACES:

Cleveland; Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Tillotson, D.T.; Jackson, Tower; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Boardman, Douglass; Eddy, J.

January 15, 1850 - January 29, 1850 (Box 10/Folder 15) : [43 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: stock subscriptions, office operations, finances, materials and supplies; New York & Erie Telegraph Association.

HIGHLIGHTS:

January 28, 1850. T.W. Hotchkiss to Ezra Cornell from Milwaukee concerning finances, progress on Wisconsin lines, and the pirates.

January 29, 1850. T. F. Allen to Ezra Cornell giving account of his attempts to raise subscriptions for a line from Towanda to Owego.

PLACES:

Cleveland; Milwaukee.

PEOPLE:

Wood, M.L.; Brown, Charles L.; Tillotson, D.T.; Luther, G.; Morrell, John J.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Hotchkiss, S.W.; Smith, F.O.J.; Wood, O.S.

January 30, 1850 - February 19, 1850 (Box 10/Folder 16) : [59 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: finances, stock subscriptions; New-York & Erie Telegraph Association.

HIGHLIGHTS:

February 25 and 29, 1850. Proposition by Ezra Cornell to New York and Erie Railroad Company.

PLACES:

Cleveland; Peekskill, N.Y.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, Alonzo B.; Wade, J.H.; Northrop, C.C.; Tillotson, D.T.