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Series I. Correspondence: August 7, 1846 - June 22, 1847 (Box 4)

August 7, 1846 - August 31, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 1) : [67 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, establishment of new lines, stock subscriptions, E.B. Cornell seeks employment, contention with Faxton about the Albany line.

HIGHLIGHTS:

August 31, 1846. F.O.J. Smith to Ezra Cornell:
"I am sorry to learn from various sources of your having frequently made me the subject of much unfavorable conjecture and remark with men in my employ, as well as with others, in connexion with a female with whome you boarded in New York. Now I ask no man to become the keper of my morals or character..."

PLACES:

Ithaca; New York City.

PEOPLE:

Faxton, Theodore; Eddy, James; Wood, Benjamin; Cornell, E.B.; Brown, F.A.; Wood, Phebe; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Smith, F.O.J.

September 6, 1846 - October 9, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 2) : [30 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, establishment of new lines, proposed line between Washington, D.C. and New Orleans, price per transmission.

HIGHLIGHTS:

October 7, 1846. Incidence of vandalism of the New York line.

PLACES:

Ithaca; New York City.

PEOPLE:

Smith, F.O.J.; Eddy, James; Bullock, A.B.

October 11, 1846 - October 17, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 3) : [30 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, proposals for establishment of new lines, finances.

HIGHLIGHTS:

October 15, 1846. Telegraph stock, shares, dividends.

PLACES:

Ithaca; Hudson, N.Y.

PEOPLE:

Brown, F.A.; Kendall, Amos; Bullock, A.B.; Cornell, E.B.; Eddy, James.

October 18, 1846 - October 30, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 4) : [41 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, establishment of new lines, complication of communication among stations in New York State.

HIGHLIGHTS:

October 20, 1846. Negotiation of stock transfers (Ithaca Telegraph Company).

PLACES:

Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Brown, F.A.; Faxton, Theodore; Eddy, James; Smith, F.O.J.; O'Reilly, Henry; Wood, Phebe; Speed, J.J.

November 1, 1846 - November 4, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 5) : [25 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: magnetic clocks, patent application, articles of agreement.

PLACES:

Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.

November 5, 1846 - November 23, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 6) : [47 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, establishment of new lines (Detroit to Milwaukee).

HIGHLIGHTS:

November 9, 1846. Instructions to employee Curtis from Ezra Cornell on operation of telegraph wires:
"Order must be obeyed right or wrong. It is the only way to preserve harmony in the working of the line."

November 19, 1846. D.B. Cornell to Ezra Cornell:
"I have had quite a notion lately of learning to write on the telegraph and should like your advice on the subject...for if there is anything to be made by it I should like to have my share."

PLACES:

Ithaca; New York City.

PEOPLE:

Eddy, James; Speed, J.J.; Kendall, Amos; Faxton, Theodore; Cornell, D.B.

November 23, 1846 - December 15, 1846 (Box 4/Folder 7) : [44 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, establishment of new lines (Toronto, Binghamton).

HIGHLIGHTS:

December 6, 1846. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"To be frank with you I have my doubts whether it would be for your interest to engage in the telegraph business even were you qualified to do it properly, but you are not thus qualifide..."

December 15, 1846. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"I was quite surprised to see that you wrote so well on the telegraph with the little chance you have had to learn. I have no objection to your learning to thus write if you will not let it attract your attention from your studdies."

PLACES:

Ithaca; New York City; Auburn, N.Y.

PEOPLE:

Eddy, James; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Faxton, Theodore; Bullock, A.B.; Goell, A.C.

December 15, 1846 - January 12, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 8) : [56 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: technical matters, establishment of new lines (Elmira, Corning, Bath), Magnetic Telegraph Company personnel problems.

HIGHLIGHTS:

December 20, 1846. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"...I should prefer that you would choose a rural occupation, and become an intelligent scientific farmer. The time is not distant when such farmers will be more respected and they will be more useful than Kings or Princes."

n.d. Faxton to his operators concerning quality of transmissions:
"On the 9th of September last the line of Telegraph was put in operation from New York to Buffalo, working through 8 offices...Its operation appeared to be very perfect..."

January 9, 1847. Amos Kendall to Ezra Cornell:
"Since I wrote you in reference to the side lines in New York, I have been requested by Prof. Morse not to make the arrangements proposed, including the renewal of your contract upon the Binghamton route."

PLACES:

Ithaca; Albany; Chicago; Auburn.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Allen, Oliver E.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Cornell, E.S.; Kendall, Amos; Wood, Phebe; Wood, O.S.; Speed, J.J.

January 14, 1847 - February 17, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 9) : [63 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: establishment of new lines (plans for Toronto to Quebec, Quebec to Halifax, Toronto to Buffalo, Toronto to Detroit), patent rights, instruments, finances, magnets, Speed and Tillotson corresponding about telegraph to compete with Morse's; Michigan's potential as an agricultural state; family news from Michigan.

HIGHLIGHTS:

February 17, 1847. Theodore Faxton to Ezra Cornell:
"I recommended Mr. Cornel for that place as a suitable and competent man, he was employed on the strength of that recomendation...I had recommended a man who was entirely unfit for the business and has spent more of his time for the 3 months in his own business than in that of the company... I felt not "elated" but ashamed and confounded at my own want of judgement in recommending a man who could so soon place me in a wrong position before the Board."

PLACES:

Michigan; Ithaca.

PEOPLE:

Kendall, Amos; Speed, J.J.; Smith, F.O.J.; Wood, O.S.; Tillotson, D.T.; Wood, Phebe; Faxton, Theodore.

February 20, 1847 - February 28, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 10) : [41 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: notices of new lines in operation (Philadelphia & Pittsburgh, first of Atlantic, Lake and Mississippi), management of lines, attempts to sell stock in Chicago, patent rights, establishment of new lines (Milwaukee and Detroit).

HIGHLIGHTS:

February 20, 1847. Ezra Cornell to D.T. Tillotson:
"The exisiting lines are doing a first rate business...the Ithaca & Elmira & Auburn line is doing much more business than was expected would be furnished by those places, and will be a paying line."

PEOPLE:

O'Reilly, Henry; Tillotson, D.T.; Brown, F.A.; Smith, F.O.J.; Speed, J.J.

March 2, 1847 - March 14, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 11) : [43 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: conflicts, subscription sales in Milwaukee and Detroit, establishment of new lines, finances, patent rights.

HIGHLIGHTS:

March 8, 1847. Proposal of new venture from John Norton to Ezra Cornell, involving communication with Nova Scotia by visual telegraph (Eastern telegraph project).

PEOPLE:

Smith, F.O.J.; Tillotson, D.T.; Speed, J.J.; Cornell, E.B.; Norton, John W.

March 20, 1847 - April 19, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 12) : [72 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: subscription sales in Michigan, Chicago and Wisconsin, establishment of new lines, rates, routes; Erie & Michigan Telegraph Company; visual telegraph.

HIGHLIGHTS:

March 31, 1847. C.F. Johnson to Ezra Cornell, discussing Eastern telegraph project and use of visual telegraph signals over long distances.

April 10, 1847. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"...have a book in reach for every leisure moment."

April 17, 1847. Telegraph messages to and from Ezra Cornell.

April 19, 1847. M.B. Wood to Ezra Cornell discussing family news and possible employment when telegraph is constructed in Michigan.

PLACES:

Ithaca; New York City.

PEOPLE:

Tillotson, D.T.; Speed, J.J.; Norton, John W.; Smith, F.O.J.; Johnson, C.F.; Beebe, Jeremiah S.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Cornell, E.B.; Wood, M.B.

April 21, 1847 - May 4, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 13) : [47 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: subscription sales, O'Reilly contract dispute, patent rights, lines (Troy & Montreal); visual telegraph.

HIGHLIGHTS:

April 29, 1847. Ezra Cornell to Alonzo B. Cornell:
"...we were out last evening on an experiment, Merrit 12 miles west of Boston on a (hill) and I was 10 miles East of Boston on another, and the result was OK notwithstanding the clouds were thick enough to obscure the full moon, and terra firma was thinly veiled with fog. I have a fine lot of telescopes. I have one with which I can see the Mountains in the Moon..."

May 2, 1847. J.J. Speed to Ezra Cornell discussing telegraph business and proposing idea of telegraph lines outside of this country, in Cuba, Jamaica, and other islands.

PLACES:

Boston.

PEOPLE:

Brown, F.A.; Johnson, C.F.; Speed, J.J.; Cornell, Alonzo B.; Wood, O.S.; Wood, M.L.; Smith, F.O.J.

May 7, 1847 - May 29, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 14) : [39 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: instruments, O'Reilly contract dispute, new lines (Troy & Canada Junction); Erie & Michigan Telegraph Company; visual telegraph: exploration of coast of Maine for sites.

HIGHLIGHTS:

May 29, 1847. Ezra Cornell to D.T. Tillotson:
"We find people who on the start laughed at the folly (as they called it) of building telegraphs saying they would find nothing to do, who now furnish daily business for the line, and clamour the loudest if the line is out of order for a few hours so that they cannot be served at the moment."

Regarding the telegraph in Canada:
"See the difference, the Canadians are quarreling for the stock of a line that will never have half the business that the Erie & Michigan line will, while on the later it is dificult to get the necessary stock subscribed to build it."

Telegraph lines (New York, Albany & Buffalo; New York & Boston), new lines (Erie & Michigan), finances.

PLACES:

Maine; Montreal.

PEOPLE:

Cornell, E.B.; Speed, J.J.; Smith, F.O.J.; Wood, M.L.; Wood, O.S.; Tillotson, D.T.; Kendall, Amos

June 1, 1847 - June 10, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 15) : [36 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: visual telegraph: obstacles to the visual telegraph in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; Erie & Michigan Telegraph Company.

PLACES:

Maine; Halifax.

PEOPLE:

Speed, J.J.; Tillotson, D.T.; Dunham, J.; Wood, M.L.; Cornell, E.B.; Park, J.D.

June 13, 1847 - June 22, 1847 (Box 4/Folder 16) : [40 digital images]

TOPICS:

Telegraph business correspondence: line extended from Boston to Portland, proposed line (Quebec & Halifax - Cornell contracted for first section), O'Reilly contract dispute; observations in Maine for visual telegraph.

HIGHLIGHTS:

June 21, 1847. British North American Electric Telegraph Association to Ezra Cornell thanking him for assisting in instruction of operators and offering him the contract for crossing the St. Lawrence.

PLACES:

Maine; Blue Hill, Me.; Grand Manan Island.

PEOPLE:

Tillotson, D.T.; Dunham, J.; Speed, J.J.; Wood, M.L.; Thatcher, J.D.