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Constance Goddard Du Bois, a successful novelist who lived in Connecticut, became interested in the Indians of southern California on a visit there around the turn of the century. From 1897 to 1907 she became increasingly involved in efforts to assist the Luiseno and Diegueno peoples of the area, spending many of her summers with them. At home in the winter she worked vigorously to bring the situation of these desperately poor people to the attention of her neighbors and officials of the Indian Bureau, through correspondence and lectures. Her efforts put her in touch with anthropologists and other scholars with similar interests, and she began to publish some of the many myths and legends she collected from her Diegueño and Luiseño friends in southern California.