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Series V. Estates, Landed Property, and Supplementary Material [series]:
(a) Estates in France

This series contains documents and some correspondence pertaining to various estates belonging to the Lafayette family, including Chavaniac, Langeac, Francieres, and La Grange, with Chavaniac by far the most well-represented of the estates. Also included are documents relating to two mills, the Moulin de LaFont and the Moulin de Langeac. Much of the material takes the form of bound ledgers and registers and dates from the first half of the nineteenth century, although there are documents from as early as the sixteenth century. Documents include financial papers (accounts, bills, receipts), deeds and other legal papers, maps, surveys, and inventories. There is correspondence with bailiffs, managers and tenants. A series of bound registers from Chavaniac contains records of meetings of the council of Brioude. There are letters written by, and notes and records kept by George Washington Lafayette, Antoine Destutt de Tracy and Madame Chavaniac, as well as by General Lafayette.

Examples of documents: a list of rooms and occupants at La Grange (there were over sixty "chambres"); a bound ledger, kept by Lafayette, which records financial and other details of the agricultural "exploitation" of La Grange in the year 1828: there is a personal slant to this book as Lafayette writes about the development of his interest in farming, the provenance of his livestock and machines, his views on the latest theories about agriculture, etc.

(b) Poussin papers

Also included [?] in this series are the papers of Guillaume Tell Poussin, who served as a topographical engineer with the American Army from 1817, was an aide-de-camp to General Bernard, and sat on the Board of Engineers for Internal Improvements. He wrote published works on railroads in the United States. In 1848 he was appointed French Ambassador to the United States. Letters, documents and reports concern family and political affairs, as well as commentary on the growth of railroad systems in the United States and France, Bonapartiste exiles in American and the political upheavals in France in 1848.

(c)Tesse papers

The papers of the comte and comtesse de Tesse, the aunt and uncle of Adrienne, and friend of prominent Americans such as Thomas Jefferson, illuminate the lifestyle and sensibility of representatives of the Old Regime. In addition to correspondence, there are many documents dealing with estate management (bills, inventories, accounts), including ledgers recording in detail monthly expenditures during 1789. There is also correspondence concerning the Tesses attempt to regain property confiscated during the revolution. Manuscripts include the comte's journal of a trip to Italy in 1777, papers concerning the emigration of the de Tesses and the confiscation of their property during the Revolution, seven letters from Madame de Staël to Madame de Tesse written during the Empire while she was exiled by Bonaparte (1802-1810), and "novelistic" letters between Madame de Tesse written during their emigration. Other correspondents include Madame Lafayette, Madame de Chavaniac, the comte de Stolberg and George Washington Lafayette. The papers range in date from as early as the 15th century to 1814, the year of the de Tesses' death, many of the papers dating from the first half of the 18th century.

(d) Florida

On the fourth of July, 1825 the United States gave Lafayette 200,000 dollars and a tract of land in Florida as compensation and reward for his role in the American Revolution (the Letters Patent of the United States of America making this gift known is preserved elsewhere in the collection). The related documents in this collection constitute a complete history of the "Lafayette Township" and include general documents, correspondence, maps, surveys, printed pamphlets, reports, plans for colonization (including the cultivation of grapes), and sale agreements. A prospectus entitled "Colony of Free Land in West Florida, on the lands ceded to General Lafayette by the Congress of the United States of America . . . First survey of the bases of colonization" is accompanied by a page of commentary in Lafayette's hand. The majority of the correspondence consists of letters from and to Lafayette's agents George Graham (1825-1830) (also the Director of the Land Office in Washington), John Skinner (1830-1850) and a sub-agent in nearby Tallahassee, R.W. Williams.