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Collection Scope and Content Note

Included are military correspondence and intelligence reports, personal correspondence, diaries, including a journal McHugh kept on his trip over the Burma Road (Dec. 1938-Jan. 1939), photographs (ca. 1300 items, many not precisely identified, of wartime figures, and colleagues and friends), manuscripts of articles and books, and printed items.

Subjects of the correspondence and reports to 1946 include China, the Sino-Japanese War, McHugh's association with the Chiangs, T.V. Soong, Ai-Ling Soong (Madame H.H. Kung), and other Chinese public figures, the management of the Bank of China, disputes among American interests with contracts for supplying the Chinese Air Force.

Other subjects include bribery of Chinese officials, administration of Lend-Lease in China, construction and use of the Burma Road, bombing of the British gunboat H.M.S. "Sandpiper," work of the American Volunteer Group (AVG), Japan and the Japanese people, bombing of Pearl Harbor, and activities of William Henry Donald, advisor to the Chiangs, Nelson Trusler Johnson, Clarence Gauss, Hyman G. Rickover, Evans F. Carlson, and Claire Lee Chennault.

After 1946, the letters are primarily analyses of events of national and international importance, such as the civil war in Indo-China and Vietnamese conflict, Soviet-American relations, Sino-Soviet relations, U.S.presidential elections, foreign policies of the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson administrations, written to and from various representatives of Jardine, Matheson & Co. and Balfour, Guthrie & Co., including Hugh David MacEwen Barton, David Bosanquet, Michael Alexander Robert Young-Herries, John Henry Keswick, William Johnson Keswick, and Erik Watts; also correspondence with Richard R. Smith, formerly with the British-American Tobacco Company (BAT) in Shanghai, on world affairs and on Smith's life in California.

Also, manuscripts and correspondence on an article by K.C. Wu (Kuo-chen Wu), former governor of Formosa; McHugh's wife, Maxine Davis, the writer; Major Ronald Aubry Boone, John H. Bruins, General Evans Fordyce Carlson, General Claire Lee Chennault, Madame Chiang Kai-shek (Mayling Soong), Oscar Sidney Cox, Commander John Marion Creighton, C.D. Culbertson, Lauchlin Currie, William Henry Donald, Herbert B. Elliston, Abijah Upson Fox, Clarence E. Gauss, Robin Gordon.

Other correspondents include Major Edward Gillette Hagan, Luther Hartwell Hodges, General Thomas Holcomb, Cordell Hull, Juang P'ing-heng (P.H. Whang), British Ambassador Archibald Clark Kerr, Claire (Lady) Keswick, Val St. J. Killery, Franklin William Knox, John Magruder, Rear Admiral Edward John Marquart, Lieutenant Commander Milton Edward Miles, Sir Geoffrey Alexander Stafford Northcote, Duncan Oppenheim, George M. Schurman, Charles Vincent Sheehan, Edgar Snow, Harold John Timperley, Rear Admiral Kemp Tolley, John Carter Vincent, and Admiral Harry Ervin Yarnell.

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