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Contents List

   Container / Location    Title
Series I. Cornell Peru Project (Accession 1) [series]:
This material comprises part of the original collection represented by the published guide compiled by Deborah Wood in 1975. Series IV. Cornell Methodology Project is the other part of the original collection.

Administrative Materials [subseries]:
This subseries includes many types of material resulting from administration of the Vicos field station and the activities of various projects done under the auspices of the CPP (Cornell Peru Project). The three major types of material are distinguished by the three sub-subseries.

Administrative Papers and General Information [subseries]:
This section consists of administrative papers and general information. Important types of material are notes, reports, correspondence, and questionnaires. Activities and administrative considerations throughout the time of Cornell's involvement in Vicos are documented; items include Cornell Peru Project proposals and progress reports, and a copy of the Vicos purchase agreement. This section is arranged in three subject groups: first, administrative reports and general information; second, individual reports and projects, and correspondence; and third, analytical models and techniques.

Individual Reports and Projects, and Correspondence
Analytical Models and Techniques
Administrative Correspondence [subseries]:
The administrative correspondence is mostly from 1953-1956 while William C. Blanchard was field director in Vicos. The inclusive dates are 1951-1956. There are two sections in this part: one, correspondence between the CPP and the IPP (Instituto Indigenista Peruana); and two, between the Vicos field station and outside individuals or organizations. The correspondence came to the archives arranged in this manner; it had been maintained as a file by Maxine and William Blanchard while they were in Vicos. In the first section activities and problems arising from joint administration of Hacienda Vicos by CPP and IIP are central topics. This section is arranged chronologically. The chief correspondents are William C. Blanchard, Carlos Monge M., Director of IIP, and Manuel D. Velasco Nunez, Secretary General of IIP. In the second section, the correspondence relates to the organization and maintenance of hacienda operations or to arrangements for studies to be conducted at Vicos. The financial accounts of CPP with various banks are included in this section. The arrangement is alphabetical by sender.

Financial Accounts and Labor Records [subseries]:
This final section consists of financial accounts and labor records of the CPP. The records of hacienda expenditures, the school construction account, and records of seed and produce sales are notable for showing how work on the hacienda was organized. These records are in bound volumes and cover the years 1952-1956.

Field Data [subseries]:
The CPP field data includes notes from field observations by members of the CPP, as well as data from various censuses, surveys, studies, and activities of the CPP. The field data was collected during studies ranging in date from 1946 t o 1965. There are notes from field observations in Marcara, Vicos and Viru made before the start of the CPP by individuals subsequently involved with the project. The basic arrangement consists of five sections which correspond to the major types of data in the series.

Field Notebooks [subseries]:
Section one contains field note books kept by members of the CPP. Humberto Ghersi Barrera's notebooks on Marcara, and some by Allan R. Holmberg and Mario C. Vazquez predate the start of the official project. The field notebooks contain notes dated from 1948 to 1954, the early years of the project. This is the only ethnographic data in the collection, except for that contained in the HRAF (Human Relations Area Files).

Environmental and Land Tenure Data [subseries]:
Section two contains environmental and land tenure data. A photographic study of land tenure was made in 1955 to show the division of cultivated plots, or chacras, on Hacienda Vicos. Charts and photographs from the study are in this subseries. Environmental data include a daily temperature record kept in 1954-1955, and topographic and hydrological charts from 1963.

HRAF Files and Other Field Notes [subseries]:
The HRAF notes are in section three. The notes were copied onto 8" x 5" paper and categorized according to the HRAF system. Allan R. Holmberg's field notes from Viru are the earliest material in the collection, dating from 1946. Besides the large section of notes on Vicos, there are notes from field work done in Viru, Marcara, Paucartambo, Recuayhuanca, Huaylas and Moche. The files also contain a section of hacienda records, consisting of field accounts, peon work records, and work records for other individuals who held special positions in the hacienda work force. There are three separate files of field notes on Vicos, one that was kept in Vicos, one in Lima, and one in Ithaca. The Ithaca file is by far the largest , and theoretically contains duplicates of notes in the other two files, but duplication is spotty. Additional sorting and filing has been limited to the Ithaca file and there are some notes yet to be sorted and filed. Anyone using the files should be awared that many notes have been over-categorized, which expands quantity, but detracts from substance for the categories. A manual, Outline of Cultural Material, in Box 11 lists the subjects in each category and tells how to use the files.

Censuses and Surveys [subseries]:
Section four contains censuses and surveys taken during the CPP. The data sheets for all censuses are complete, and are organized by zones in Vicos. Aside from the censuses, there are data sheets for a land tenure survey and socio-economic status ratings. Censuses were taken in 1951, 1957, 1959, 1969, and 1963. For data on the New Seed Potato experiment see the analysis sheets in Subseries I - Administrative Materials. Other questionnaires and code designs are also in Subseries I - Administrative Materials.

Health Clinic Records [subseries]:
The fifth section contains records from the Vicos health clinic. They are wall charts used to keep track of patient and staff attendance for 1954-1955.

Reprints, Publications and Papers [subseries]:
Subseries three contains printed materials written between 1952 and 1966 (there is one paper written in 1972). The authors are generally people connected with the CPP, the Columbia-Cornell-Harvard Summer Field Studies Program, or the IIP, although there are popular descriptions and reports by individuals not connnected with these organizations. The bibliography is arranged alphabetically by author. Entries are numbered sequentially to correspond to the numbers used in The Cornell Peru Project Bibliography and Personnel (Dobyns and Vazquez, 1964). When the collection was accessioned some printed materials had been arranged by this system. There was also a sizable number of papers or publications not included in the bibliography, which had no arrangement, but that have been incorporated into this subseries. Material from the first accession fitting one of the three section headings of the bibliography was numbered sequentially and placed at the end of the appropriate section. Publications from the second accession were incorporated into the bibliography where appropriate but they were not numbered. The titles of the sections are: Administrative Proposals, Reports and Documents; Cornell Peru Project Scientific Reports; and Popular Descriptions of the Cornell Peru Project. Two other sections were established for material that did not fit the original three. The two new sections are: Cornell Comparative Studies of Cultural Change Scientific Reports; and Andean Indian Community Research and Development Program Scientific Reports. Some of the papers in Sections IV and V are based on information gathered as part of the CPP, but not produced as CPP publications.

Microfilms, Audiotapes and Motion Picture Films [subseries]:
Most of the tapes and microfilms were obtained by CPP personnel while working on publications. Some of the information is marginally related to the rest of the collection.

On one audio tape Rose K. Goldsen, Director of the Cornell Methodology Project in Vicos, discusses the material accessioned by the Cornell Archives as the Vicos Collection. There is a transcript of an interview with William Stein, a former CPP researcher, discussing the same subject. The rest of the tapes are from a conference on Puerto Rican studies, held at Cornell in the early sixties.

There are microfilms of dissertations, records of Bolivian mining operations, and some unidentified material from Puerto Rico. The microfilms of the Bolivian mine records were used in ethnohistorical background research by CPP personnel. The dissertation microfilms are of studies done in Latin America. They were written between 1949 and 1972 (the 1972 dissertation was added by Deborah Wood) and include a wide variety of topics.

The motion picture films were added to the collection in 2004 and contain footage of the Vicosinos and Peru in general. All of the films have been digitized and researchers should use the digital copies not the original films. There is also a copy of the 1962 CBS film So That Men Are Free . This film was not digitized by Cornell because of copyright considerations, but it is available on-line from the University of Cambridge at http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/56

Visual Materials [subseries]:
The material in this subseries adds to the depth of the collection by providing a visual dimension to documentation. Photographs and slides are clear and present a wide variety of scenes. The slides include scenes from Vicos, the Callejon de Huaylas, Cuzco and Bolivia.

Some photographs of Vicos, showing the setting and impact of the CPP, were mounted as an exhibition collection. John Collier, Jr. and Abraham Guillen did a good deal of photography for the project; it is quite possible that they took these photographs although there are no labels. There are also mounted photographs depicting other places in Peru.

May Kedney, although not connected with the CPP, taught in the Vicos school the summer of 1954. The paintings by Vicosino boys were produced under her supervision. As an art instructor at Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY, she was interested in how artwork by Vicosino children would compare in subject and style with that of American children. Vicosino children had not done artwork of this type before. They started painting with clay pigments on newspaper, using brushes made from horse tail hair set in builder's glue. Later Kedney got water colors and plain paper. She also gave the boys some clay to model.

Series II. Cornell Peru Project (Accession 2) [series]:
The material in this series was part of an accession of Allan Holmberg's files received in the early 1980s. It complements the material in Series I. Some materials, such as field notebooks and publications, were incorporated into the first series to complete existing groups of materials. This series mostly contains correspondence and subject files relating the research conducted in Vicos and the management of the project.

Series III. Viru [series]:
The materials in this series were sent to the archives with the Series II. Cornell Peru Project (Accession 2) materials. They mostly consist of correspondence and subject files relating to Allan Holmberg's research in Viru, Peru, especially regarding fiestas.

Series IV. Cornell Methodology Project [series]:
Material in this series relates to the administration and study design of the Cornell Methodology Project, conducted by the Department of Sociology. Field studies in Vicos were done in the summer of 1953. Vicos was chosen as the site because facilities established at the field station and information already gathered cut down the preparation and cost necessary to get the project underway. The analysis and processing of the field notes was done in Ithaca in 1954-1955. Edward A. Suchman headed the entire Cross-Cultural Methodology Project and Rose K. Goldsen directed the field operations in Vicos. She was assisted by Richard Patch and Bryce Ryan, and had three men to do the interviewing, plus one to collect life histories.

Administration and Operation in Vicos, Ancash, Peru [subseries]:
This subseries contains three groupings of materials based on types of information generated by the project. The first group contains lists of informants and respondents compiled from various censuses and surveys to determine who among the Vicosinos had been interviewed, what their status was, and in which zone of Vicos they lived. The second group consists of material pertaining to the development of the study design, classification system, and qualitative survey interview as well as the design of the four Tareas or field tasks for testing the effects of variations in interview techniques. The third group contains coding information for the qualitative survey and for the 1952 household and individual census.

Field Data from Vicos, Ancash, Peru [subseries]:
The Cornell Methodology Project field data consists of the field notes from Tareas 1-4, and the qualitative survey data. Included as well are the 1952 census returns, which were analyzed for use by the Methodology Project, although actually collected by the CPP. The field notes and life histories from Tareas 1-4 are arranged alphabetically by interviewers, with miscellaneous data at the end. The field data were collected by the Methodology Project field interviewers, copied from their field note books (cuadernos) and divided into four sections, one for each Tarea (field task). The original chronological order of the interviews has been maintained.

Series V. Miscellaneous Files [series]:
These materials came to the archives along with the materials comprising Series II. Cornell Peru Project (Accession 2). They have no obvious connection to Allan Holmberg's work in Peru.

Separated Materials [series]:
Materials in this section were separated from their original folders because they are oversize. The original folder contains a separation sheet noting the former location of the item and where it is now housed.